film stock close-up May 15, 2012
February 23, 2012

costume designer

February 23, 2012

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director's chair - black

Responsible for creating or matching clothes to create costumes.

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Posted in: film professions

costume

February 23, 2012

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director's chair - black

Clothes that characters wear. They can do all or some of the following: inform about the character’s general position, age, character etc. or current mood, position etc. create a new world or depict an existing one differentiate characters promote goods Particular costumes are either created or chosen (form ready clothes) by the costume designer.

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Posted in: film professions

off-book

February 23, 2012

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An actor (actress) is off-book when he (she) has learned all his lines by heart. He (she) doesn’t need the script any more.

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Posted in: acting, expressions

trainer

February 23, 2012

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director's chair - black

Makes animals on set perform needed actions.

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Posted in: film professions

topline

February 23, 2012

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To be the biggest star of a movie. The word comes form the fact, that sometimes the star’s name is on top of a poster etc., even above the film title.

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Posted in: acting, distribution

reel

February 23, 2012

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A strip of film (tape) wound on a metal wheel. The wheel usually contains 15 to 20 minutes of film material.

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modeler

February 23, 2012

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Responsible for developing 3D objects in computer graphic software.

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weenie

February 23, 2012

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See: MacGuffin

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Posted in: script

MacGuffin

February 23, 2012

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An idea described by Alfred Hitchcock. It represents an artefact (person, item, piece of information) of crucial importance for the plot, however unknown to the audience. The audience doesn’t have to know the MacGuffin to enjoy and fully understand the film as the MacGuffin does not influence the main plot. It is mainly meant to […]

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Posted in: script

best boy

February 22, 2012

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director's chair - black

The right hand to the Key Grip or the Gaffer (depending whether in the grip or electrical department).

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Posted in: film professions

atmosphere

February 22, 2012

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Extras, background actors.

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Posted in: acting, director

typecasting

February 22, 2012

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The process in which an actor becomes identified with a specific types of characters or even a single character. (e.g. Adam Sandler’s comedy performances)

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Posted in: acting, casting

recurring status

February 22, 2012

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(USA, Soap opera) Describes the status of a performer who has less than 3 episodes per week on a regular basis. In such a case the performer does not have a regular contract which saves money for the producer.

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Posted in: acting, tv

U/5

February 22, 2012

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See: under-five

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Posted in: acting

under-5

February 22, 2012

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See: under-five

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Posted in: acting

under-five

February 22, 2012

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A role that has less than 5 lines of text. Used in soap-opera actors in America.

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Posted in: acting

character actor

February 22, 2012

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An actor who usually plays unique, unusual, weird, eccentric etc. characters.

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Posted in: acting

supporting actor

February 22, 2012

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All actors who perform other parts than the lead.

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Posted in: acting

extra

February 22, 2012

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A performer that appears in a non-speaking role, usually in the background.

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Posted in: acting

zoetrope

February 22, 2012

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Device used to produce an illusion of motion. The effect is achieved by rapid movement of successive still images placed on the inside of a turning cylinder. The user looks onto the pictures through a small hole. It’s not that easy to imagine so we recommend Zoetrope on Wikipedia.

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Posted in: curio

flop

February 22, 2012

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Extremely bad box-office performance of a movie. Top Ten Biggest Movie Flops

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Posted in: distribution

travel documentary

February 10, 2012

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a small hand held camera

Documentary presenting travel attractions, describing travels etc. in a non-advertising way. Related: travelogue

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reality film

February 10, 2012

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film stock close-up

A genre developed from reality TV. Not to be confused with documentary. In reality film predefined events are staged with non-pro actors and filmed with simple equipment. Therefore it is a low-budget genre. Examples: Jackass The Movie, The Real Cancun, Bikini Beach Precursor: Chelsea Girls (1966, dir. Andy Warhol) more about this one on Wikipedia […]

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Posted in: genre, tv

public-access TV

February 10, 2012

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Non-commercial mass media based on TV content created by ordinary people and cablecast through cable TV specialty channels. (USA)

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Posted in: broadcasting, genre, tv

newsreel

February 10, 2012

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a small hand held camera

Short documentary form popular in the first half of the 20th century. Released as part of cinematic shows was a source of news and entertainment until TV took its place. Nowadays newsreel materials exist as important historical evidence and a huge source of valuable archival footage.

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expository documentary

February 10, 2012

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a small hand held camera

A documentary based on verbal commentary and argumentation.

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legal brief

February 10, 2012

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film stock close-up

Document presenting all potential legal problems of a proposed film project.

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Posted in: formal, legal, production

mixer

February 10, 2012

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director's chair - black

A piece of sound equipment used for preliminary adjustments of tracts as they are being recorded OR Crew member who operates the mixer (piece of equipment)

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online edit

February 10, 2012

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black metal scissors (open)

Final editing conducted on full quality versions of the sound and picture. Takes place after the picture lock, that is reached in the process of offline editing.

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Posted in: editing

offline edit

February 10, 2012

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black metal scissors (open)

Preliminary edit – all the cuts are decided on (in and out points are set) in the process conducted on a medium-quality digital version of the material. The final effect of offline editing is the picture lock. As soon as it is finished, online editing begins.

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Posted in: editing

picture lock

February 10, 2012

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black metal scissors (open)

The final editing version of a film – not offline changes will be made, no cut will change. The image may alter, but only due to online editing, special effects etc.

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Posted in: editing

rights bible

February 10, 2012

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film stock close-up

A binder containing all of the legal documentation confirming the producer’s rights to use all archival materials, interviews etc. included in a documentary film or program. May be required by the broadcaster together with the film (and sometimes documentation of all facts given in the film). Related: errors and omissions insurance

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sfx

February 10, 2012

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sound effects

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Posted in: abbreviatios, sound

scratch track

February 10, 2012

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black metal scissors (open)

Temporary piece of music or voiceover put over an editing version in order to give a feeling of the ready mood (music) or meaning (v/o).

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Posted in: editing, music

v/o

February 10, 2012

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See: voiceover

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Posted in: abbreviatios, sound

voiceover

February 10, 2012

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Voice heard over video – the source of the audio is not visible. Usually it is a narrator in fiction or commentary in documentary films).

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Posted in: sound

vox pop

February 10, 2012

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A man-on-the-street interview. Usually when a random person is asked to express his or her opinion on a question asked by the filmmakers. Very popular on TV as a form of tackling controversial issues, decisions, events etc.

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lav

February 9, 2012

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See: lavelier microphone

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lapel mic

February 9, 2012

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See: lavelier microphone

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Posted in: equipment, expressions, sound

lavalier microphone

February 9, 2012

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A lavalier microphone or lavalier small for TV, public speaking, theatre etc. It provides hand-free operations. Can be attached to collars, ties etc. thanks to special clips.

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Posted in: equipment, sound

head room

February 9, 2012

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a small hand held camera

The space between the top of a persons’s head and the top of the frame (often considered in interviews).

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e&o

February 9, 2012

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See: errors and omissions insurance

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errors and omissions insurance

February 9, 2012

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film stock close-up

Insurance purchased by the producer. It protects filmmakers, broadcasters and distributors from mistakes omitted in the process of fact-checking (from giving inaccurate or wrong information).

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Posted in: formal, insurance

cutaway

February 9, 2012

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black metal scissors (open)

A video clip in editing, usually to conceal an edit or to shorten a sequence. For example, in a long shot we cut out a long part of it and put a short clip of other content in this place. Thanks to this the long sequence can be shortened and it does not look like […]

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Posted in: editing

b-roll

February 9, 2012

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a small hand held camera

Footage or images shown underneath a voice over. Often used in interviews in order to make the film more interesting.

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Posted in: documentary/factual

blue-ray disc

February 8, 2012

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Optical disc storage medium made to replace DVD. diameter: 120 mm thickness: 1.2 mm storage per layer: 25 GB dual, triple and quadruple layer discs are available.

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Posted in: formats

b movie

February 8, 2012

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Low-budget commercial movie. Historically it was the less publicised half of a double show (USA). Nowadays it may be understood as a low quality film (which doesn’t have to be true), and is often mixed with exploitation films etc.

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Posted in: genre

alpha compositing

February 8, 2012

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Combining an image with a background to create the effect of partial or full transparency.

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Posted in: graphic