Browsing All Posts filed under »documentary/factual«

travel documentary

February 10, 2012

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Documentary presenting travel attractions, describing travels etc. in a non-advertising way. Related: travelogue

newsreel

February 10, 2012

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Short documentary form popular in the first half of the 20th century. Released as part of cinematic shows was a source of news and entertainment until TV took its place. Nowadays newsreel materials exist as important historical evidence and a huge source of valuable archival footage.

expository documentary

February 10, 2012

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A documentary based on verbal commentary and argumentation.

rights bible

February 10, 2012

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A binder containing all of the legal documentation confirming the producer’s rights to use all archival materials, interviews etc. included in a documentary film or program. May be required by the broadcaster together with the film (and sometimes documentation of all facts given in the film). Related: errors and omissions insurance

vox pop

February 10, 2012

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A man-on-the-street interview. Usually when a random person is asked to express his or her opinion on a question asked by the filmmakers. Very popular on TV as a form of tackling controversial issues, decisions, events etc.

head room

February 9, 2012

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The space between the top of a persons’s head and the top of the frame (often considered in interviews).

b-roll

February 9, 2012

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Footage or images shown underneath a voice over. Often used in interviews in order to make the film more interesting.

multimedia documentary

February 3, 2012

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See: web documentary

interactive documentary

February 3, 2012

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See: web documentary

web documentary

February 3, 2012

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Non-traditional documentary production that uses interactive multimedia to create non-linear projects with video, audio, text, photography, animation etc. as components. Web documentaries (also called interactive documentaries or multimedia documentaries) give a different experience based on interaction and co-creation of the audience and the producer-creator. The user can create his or her own path through clusters […]

rockumentary

February 3, 2012

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At first – documentaries depicting rock’n’roll stars. Now – also concert films with rock music.

actuality film

February 3, 2012

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Factual film genre similar to documentaries. Its difference lies in the fact that the materials are not structures into large, logical arguments or reflections. Actuality films tend to be short and, historically, preceded the emergence of documentary film as we know it today.

wildlife film

February 3, 2012

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See: wildlife documentary

nature documentary

February 3, 2012

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Wildlife or natural history documentary. A documentary about non-human living creatures, usually in their natural habitat. Most of film in this genre are made for and presented on TV.

mockumentary

February 3, 2012

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Genre in which fictitious events are presented in documentary style. The special feature of a mockumentary is complete lack of fact. The story and characters are all fictional, only the style suggests a documentary. Not to be confused with: docudrama dramadoc docufiction

ethnofiction

February 3, 2012

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Ethnographic docufiction.

documentary mode

February 3, 2012

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An idea developed by documentary theorist Bill Nichols (American) who aimed at distinguishing particular styles of various documentary films. He identified 6 documentary ‘modes’ in his schema: poetic, expository, observational, participatory, reflexive, and performative. You can read more on this at Wikipedia (Documentary Mode).

docufiction

February 3, 2012

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Documentary with elements of fiction – shot in the time and place of events but with an element of fiction, e.g. a character playing a certain role in cooperation with the director, whereas other people are not aware of it and act naturally. Not to be confused with: dramadoc – documentary with elements of re-enactment […]

docudrama

February 3, 2012

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Documentary with elements of fiction, especially dramatised re-enactment. Docudrama (as opposed to docufiction and dramadoc) is shot entirely after the events took place and the element of drama is relatively big. It can be described as a film inspired by real events, shot in documentary style. It can be also called false documentary. Often confused […]

concert film

February 2, 2012

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A concert film or a concert movie is a documentary form that documents a live concert (music, comedy etc.).

animated documentary

February 2, 2012

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A genre that combines documentary and animation techniques. There are different approaches to the genre. An animated documentary may be: documentary audio + realistic animation depicting the story told documentary audio + non-realistic animation documentary film + elements of animation documentary film with its visual side re-done with a certain animation technique (example: 2008 – […]

shockumentary

February 2, 2012

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See: mondo films

mondo films

February 2, 2012

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A mondo film (mondo in Italian means world) is an exploitation documentary film based on sensation, taboo topics (death, sex, drugs, racism etc.). Staged episodes may be presented as real footage. Alternative name: shockumentary

travelogue (films)

February 2, 2012

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A form of travel documentaries that provided an equivalent for tourism from the beginnings of cinema. The films were usually narrated by the director himself, who often introduced the film, provided commentary during the film and met the audience afterwards. Contemporary travelogues are rather travel documentaries with commentary, voice-over narration, often a soundtrack apart from […]

compilation films

February 2, 2012

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Films made entirely of found footage (this is the source of the genre’s new, popular name – found footage). At the beginning they were part of the documentary genre (1927 – The Fall of the Romanov Dynasty by Esif Schub, 1964 – Point of Order by Emile de Antonio) and still are popular among documentarians […]

observational documentary

February 2, 2012

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Documentary film making style – documenting life with an unobtrusive camera, with as little interaction as possible. See also: fly on the wall

ethnographic films

February 2, 2012

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Documentary film related to ethnology. Very useful in studies as a tool in visual anthropology. There are two kinds. The first kind is created by trained ethnographers. The second kind are films created by other filmmakers used in the study of culture. The genre emerged in the 60s, yet its forefather was Robert J. Flaherty […]

kino pravda

February 2, 2012

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(Film truth) was a concept promoted by Dziga Vertov through his newsreel series created with Elizaveta Svilova and Mikhail Kaufman. He filmed everyday activities, sometimes with a hidden camera or without permission. He believed that fragments of reality organised together showed a deeper truth about the world, unseen with the naked eye (editing was very […]

direct cinema

February 2, 2012

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A genre in documentary film making that was born in late 50s in North America, especially in Canada. It was the effect of the need for a new documentary language and of the invention of light, portable film equipment. The films were aimed at confronting common opinions with reality, with how things were – as […]

fly on the wall

February 2, 2012

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Documentary filmmaking style based on the idea that events should be filmed as a fly sitting on a wall would see them. The crew is most unobtrusive, trying to remain almost unnoticed by the characters. Films may, however, include elements such as masked interviews. See also: cinema verite (opposite)

Cinéma vérité

February 2, 2012

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Cinéma vérité (truthful cinema) is a style in documentary filmmaking. It is widely accepted, that a cinema verite filmmaker and his or her camera should be that catalysts of situations. This style accepts interaction between the filmmaker and the subject (as opposed to fly on the wall documentaries). The camera is always acknowledged, often confrontational […]

re-enactment

January 29, 2012

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A type of film in which real events are recreated as closely as possible.

masked interview

January 27, 2012

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An interview used in film so that the filmmaker-interviewer is both unseen and unheard.

commentary

January 27, 2012

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Especially in documentary film – voice(over) commentary that presents certain arguments, facts, interpretations etc.

dramadoc

January 26, 2012

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Reconstruction of real events with film means (actors etc.). Full entry: drama documentary See also: docudrama

drama documentary

January 26, 2012

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Film form based on reconstructing real events with fictional means – actors etc. Used by documentary filmmakers when none archival material are available or to stimulate interest or empathy for the characters and issues tackled. It may be also used by fiction filmmakers to apply documentary content or style to fiction film. In this case […]

documentarian

January 24, 2012

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A filmmaker who specialises in documentary film.