Browsing All Posts published on »January, 2012«

betacam

January 31, 2012

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Family of half-inch professional videocassette products developed by Sony in 1982. The most common broadcast-quality video format. The expression betacam is often used for all of those products: Betacam camcorder, Betacam video recorder, Betacam tape or the format. For technicalities, visit Wikipedia: Betacam

B story

January 31, 2012

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A background story in a film.

A story

January 31, 2012

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The main story of the film.

EOR

January 31, 2012

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Abbrev. for end of reel.

paper cut

January 31, 2012

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In non-scripted film forms (e.g. documentary film) a rough outline, an initial plan of editing.

half apple

January 31, 2012

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Half-sized apple (box).

globe

January 31, 2012

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On film set – usually a light bulb.

full apple

January 31, 2012

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A full size apple (box).

baseball bat

January 31, 2012

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Type of flag – a long narrow one.

apple

January 31, 2012

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A simple wooden box used for everything (to store things, cables, to make the actor taller by placing him on it etc.) Name comes from: apple box.

CU

January 30, 2012

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Abbrev. for close-up shot.

running time

January 30, 2012

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The length of a program, film etc.

rough cut

January 30, 2012

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The first – rough – editing version of a sequence of the whole film.

POV

January 30, 2012

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Abbrev. for point of view. Refers to a subjective shot – the viewer has the feeling that it is the point of view of the character – the viewer sees what the character sees.

OC

January 30, 2012

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Abbrev. for off camera. Something that happens out of the sight of the camera and therefore is not visible on the screen in a finished film.

kill

January 30, 2012

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As in Kill that sound! To stop something or turn it off.

in the can

January 30, 2012

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As in We’ve got in in the can. Refers to the satisfactory effect of a take or a scene. Comes from the time of films shot on tape but is still in use.

deeper

January 30, 2012

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Farther away.

lens

January 30, 2012

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A piece of glass with curved sides that gathers and focuses rays of light. Used in photography (so in cinematography). Lenses of different sizes and features give images of different visual qualities.

a/b

January 30, 2012

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Abbreviation for as before – used e.g. when the position of the camera in a scene should be the same in the previous one.

wipe

January 30, 2012

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A type of transition between scenes in which a line passing across the screen wipes off one image and replaces it with a new one.

deep focus

January 30, 2012

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A photographic technique in which everything in the picture – both things/actors close to the camera and those in the background are in focus.

bridging shot

January 30, 2012

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A shot aimed at covering a change in time or place, or discontinuity.

aerial shot

January 30, 2012

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A shot filmed from a high position (on a crane or in a plane).

concept meeting

January 30, 2012

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A pre-casting meeting of the producer, director and casting director aimed at defining the characters from the script – the features that will be sought for in the casting process.

spoiler

January 30, 2012

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A piece of information that may spoil the joy of watching a film by reveling important information about the plot, ending, characters etc. Spoilers may be found in reviews so many texts about films (and books etc.) include spoiler alerts.

static shot

January 30, 2012

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A shot in which the camera doesn’t move and is placed on a tripod.

stand-in

January 30, 2012

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A person that replaces an actor in the process of preparations – when lights are set etc. This can be a very long and tiring process. The aim of hiring this person is making life easier for the actor, but the stand-in NEVER replaces the actor on film. In order for the preparations with a […]

body double

January 30, 2012

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A person hired to replace certain parts of the body (or whole body) of the actor if the actors does not want to expose him- or herself. Also if the body part must bear some special features that the actor’s body doesn’t have. (e.g. body in sex scenes, details like hands – often used in […]

stunt double

January 30, 2012

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A person (stunt) physically similar to the actor who replaces the actor in dangerous scenes (car accidents, falling out of windows, fights etc.).

assistant art director

January 30, 2012

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The assistant to the art director.

spoof

January 30, 2012

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A film that humorously refers or pays tribute to an older film or other story (e.g. Monty Python and the Holy Grail refers to the tales of King Arthur and his knights).

boom mike

January 30, 2012

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A microphone placed on a long pole used for recording the voices of actors (should stay invisible for the camera which sometimes causes much effort for the boom man).

big

January 30, 2012

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The term is used in reference to actors’ performances when they over emphasize, give “too much” to the interpretation (vocal and mimic expression, body movement etc.).

split edit

January 30, 2012

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An editing technique used in transition from one scene to another. The sound of the second scene is audible before its picture is visible – in other words – the sound of the second scene appears at the end of the first scene. This may ease the transition.  

spaghetti western

January 29, 2012

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Western shot in Italy or Spain in the 60s. Usually a B movie, low budget, low production value and little dialogue. Some of the most famous spaghetti westerns were shot by Sergio Leone.

re-enactment

January 29, 2012

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A type of film in which real events are recreated as closely as possible.

print

January 29, 2012

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A positive copy of a film.

novelisation

January 29, 2012

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The process of writing a book based on a film/screenplay.

mute

January 29, 2012

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Film print without sound.

moppet

January 29, 2012

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A child actor.

synch pip

January 27, 2012

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A short ‘pip’ sound that sounds at a certain place in the leaders (close to the end or start of tape).

subwoofer

January 27, 2012

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A speaker designed to reproduce low-frequency sounds (usually between  20 and 120 Hz).

striped tape

January 27, 2012

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Tape than comes from the manufacturer already with stripes.

stripe

January 27, 2012

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A narrow band of magnetic oxide usually on the edges of film tape. It is used to store sound in the form of magnetic impulses.

sparkle

January 27, 2012

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Dirt printed into film tape that causes white marks in the projected image.

title

January 27, 2012

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Written labels visible on the screen. Also called caption.

caption

January 27, 2012

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Written labels visible on the screen. Also called title.

cross-cutting

January 27, 2012

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Editing technique based on cutting repeatedly between two ore more scenes/shots in order to suggest that they take place simultaneously.  

masked interview

January 27, 2012

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An interview used in film so that the filmmaker-interviewer is both unseen and unheard.